Bakrid – Evolution and Celebration
Bakrid – Evolution and Celebration

Bakrid - Eid Al Adha

Bakrid, also known as Eid al-Adha or the Festival of Sacrifice, is one of the most significant Islamic holidays. It commemorates the willingness of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham in Judeo-Christian traditions) to sacrifice his son Ismail (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to God. However, God intervened and provided a ram to sacrifice instead.

Historical and Religious Significance

  1. Origins in the Quran:
  • The story of Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice Ismail is recounted in the Quran. This event is central to the festival's observance and its religious significance.
  • The sacrifice symbolizes submission to God's will and is a demonstration of faith.
  1. Connection to Hajj:
  • Bakrid coincides with the completion of Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, which is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
  • The festival falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic lunar calendar.
  1. Ritual of Sacrifice:
  • The act of Qurbani (sacrifice) is performed where a livestock animal (usually a sheep, goat, cow, or camel) is sacrificed to honor Ibrahim's devotion.
  • The meat from the sacrifice is divided into three parts: one-third for the family, one-third for relatives and friends, and one-third for the less fortunate.

Evolution and Traditions

  1. Early Islamic Period:
  • The tradition of sacrifice began in the early Islamic period as a reflection of Ibrahim's story.
  • Early Muslim communities adopted this practice to demonstrate their faith and devotion.
  1. Cultural Variations:
  • Over time, the way Bakrid is celebrated has evolved and diversified across different cultures and regions.
  • In some regions, the day is marked with communal prayers, festive meals, and giving charity.
  1. Modern Observance:
  • In contemporary times, Bakrid is a time for family gatherings, wearing new clothes, and community celebrations.
  • The spirit of giving and helping the needy remains a core aspect of the festival.
  • Many Muslims also engage in donating to charities and providing food to the poor as part of their observance.

Why People Follow Bakrid

  1. Religious Duty:
  • For Muslims, observing Bakrid is an act of religious duty and piety. It is a prescribed practice in Islam and holds great spiritual significance.
  • Participating in the rituals of sacrifice and prayer during Bakrid is seen as fulfilling a commandment of God.
  1. Expression of Faith:
  • The festival allows Muslims to express their faith and dedication to God, mirroring Ibrahim's ultimate act of obedience.
  • It reinforces core Islamic values such as charity, community, and devotion.
  1. Community and Solidarity:
  • Bakrid is also a time for community bonding. It brings together families, friends, and communities to celebrate and share.
  • The distribution of meat to the needy fosters a sense of solidarity and helps address hunger and poverty.
  1. Cultural Identity:
  • For many, Bakrid is also an expression of cultural identity, showcasing the rich traditions and practices that vary across different Muslim-majority countries.
  • The festival is marked by a range of cultural practices, foods, and festivities that are unique to each region.


Bakrid, or Eid al-Adha, is a deeply significant festival in Islam, rooted in the story of Prophet Ibrahim's devotion to God. Its observance has evolved over centuries, adapting to various cultural contexts while maintaining its core religious significance. The festival remains a vital expression of faith, charity, and community for Muslims around the world.